Native and Hybrid Applications

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Native and Hybrid Applications




Native and Hybrid Applications

Native Apps

A native application is a software program that functions on specific platforms and devices. Native applications are those applications that function without any browser. They have to be installed from specific platforms such as Google Play, Microsoft store, Apple store, etc. It is only after installing these applications in your device that you can access them. Native apps work on the device’s operating system and use a single platform. A few examples of native apps would be Facebook, Myntra, Twitter, Telegram, Skype, Goibibo, etc.

Merits of Native Apps
  • Because they are native to the device, they work faster and provide better performance. They do not depend on any middleware and interact with the direct OS, due to fewer dependencies, they are more responsive.
  • Native apps offer easy access to the inbuilt features such as camera, calendar, microphone, and other applications of a smartphone.
  • The native apps are quick and easy to handle. They are designed using Software Development Kits(SDK), which gives a consistent look to the platform. The flow of the application is easy to catch, as it is mostly similar to other apps on the phone.
Demerits of Native Apps
  • The native application development is time-consuming. A separate code has to be written for each platform, such as iOS and Android. It almost takes more than a couple of months to design these codes and implement them on the devices.
  • The development of the native apps requires multiple teams; therefore the cost of developing these apps also increases. It requires a lot of labor and time, and the cost for maintaining these apps is also very high.
  • Native apps may not work well for all companies. Considering the time and cost of developing these apps, a business owner who has a constraint on their budget and time may not be able to execute it well.
  • A person with limited knowledge about codes and apps development may not work well in developing these apps. The skill requirement for developing these apps are very high.
Hybrid Apps

The hybrid application approach to programming combines native apps and web solutions. Here, the code of the application is written using web technologies such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript which are then blended in the native applications. The native shell view is just the platform that loads the web application. Therefore, the hybrids apps are basically websites made to look like native apps. A few examples of hybrid apps would be Instagram, Pacifica, Evernote, Swoker, Uber, etc.

Merits of Hybrid Apps
  • Hybrid application development does not require multiple versions of code for different platforms. A single code is written for the app, and it functions everywhere. Thus no extra burden comes on the company for developing multiple teams.
  • Hybrid apps provide us with multi-platform support. It can be expanded, and they perform well on almost all the platforms. Its performance usually depends on the framework drawn to build the app.
  • Hybrid apps also provide offline support to its users. It functions smoothly even when there’s bad connectivity of network or even in the rural or underdeveloped areas.
  • Compared to the native apps, hybrid apps do not require a highly skilled performance team, nor does it require much time and cost in its development.
Demerits of Hybrid Apps
  • The extra layer of code between the source code and mobile platform causes a hindrance to the performance of the app. Although it varies from application to application, the difference is still noticeable.
  • The extra layer of codes also makes debugging a potential threat to the developers. They usually rely on the app framework to function smoothly with the OS. Since the developers lack knowledge about the OS, fixing the bug becomes a lengthy affair.
  • Hybrid apps are slower than native apps. Moreover, a specific framework of the app makes it difficult to add any new features to the hybrid apps.
The Comparison & Conclusion

The comparison between the native and the hybrid apps above gives us an idea about the apps in a more detailed manner. Choosing one over the other depends on the companies need, environment, and budget related to capital and time. The native framework gives a better performance, however requires too much investment. While the hybrid apps provide almost the same result with lesser investment in terms of time and labor and skill.

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